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October 2021

1 25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 - a hormone with immunomodulatory properties

Journal/Book: Z Rheumatol 2000; 59: I/24-27. 2000;

Abstract: Jacques Lemire M. D. University of California San Diego Department of Pediatrics Division of Pediatric Nephrology La Jolla USA Summary The active vitamin D metabolite 1 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [l 25-(OH)2D3] exerts immunosuppressive activity. At a cellular and molecular level the hormone preferentially targets helper T cell activity (Th1) by inhibiting the secretion of both IL-2 and IFN-y by Th1 and by suppressing the secretion pro-Th1 cytokine IL-12 by antigen-presenting cells. The active metabolite further inhibits class II antigen expression and enhances suppressor cell activity. In animal models of autoimmunity 1 25-(OH)2D3 prevents the development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis reduces the incidence of diabetes and attenuates murine lupus. The hormone also prolongs graft survival in animal models of transplantation. In humans non-classical use of 1 25-(OH)2D3 has led to an anti-proliferative effect in psoriasis antineoplastic effect in prostate cancer and immunomodulatory effect in scleroderma. The development of less hypercalcemic analogs might open a new therapeutic area for vitamin D3 Schm

Keyword(s): 1 25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 - immunosuppression - cytokines - Th1 autoimmunity - transplantation - scleroderma

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