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September 2021

An integrative review of patient medication compliance from 1990-1998

Author(s): Gray, J.

Journal/Book: Online J Knowledge Synth Nurs. 2000; 7: 550 W North Street, Indianapolis, in 46202, USA. Sigma Theta Tau Int. U1-U12.

Abstract: Purpose (1) The purpose of the integrated review was to summarize studies about medication compliance and identify their implications for research and practice. Thirty research studies exploring patient medication compliance were reviewed. Study variables related to patients included characteristics that affect compliance, common medication errors, and strategies used by patients to remember to take their medications. Other studies evaluated methods for measuring compliance and interventions for improving compliance. Conclusions (2) There has not been a ''gold standard'' identified for measuring compliance, therefore it is difficult to compare results due to differences in operational definitions. Dosage frequency, patient's confidence in their provider, belief in the efficacy of a drug along with acceptance of illness have been shown to have a positive effect on compliance. Implications (3) Nurses and other health care providers can promote medication compliance by developing a collaborative relationship with the patient. Education and reminders are especially important at the beginning of treatment. Further research is needed to assess the efficacy of nursing interventions to promote compliance.

Note: Review Wood W, Univ Texas, Sch Nursing, Family Nurse Practitioner Program, 110 Westbrook Dr, Arlington,TX 76002 USA

Keyword(s): medication compliance; patient compliance; systematic review; DRUG-COMPLIANCE; PRIMARY-CARE; HEALTH-EDUCATION; DOSAGE FREQUENCY; ADHERENCE; BEHAVIOR; NONCOMPLIANCE; EFFICACY; THERAPY; TWICE


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