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October 2021

Selective attention fails to alter the dichotic listening lag effect: Evidence that the lag effect is preattentional

Author(s): Hiscock, M., Widrig, M.

Journal/Book: Brain Lang. 2000; 71: 525 B St, Ste 1900, San Diego, CA 92101-4495, USA. Academic Press Inc. 373-390.

Abstract: Berlin et al. (1973) reported that either stimulus from a dichotic pair of consonant-vowel syllables is processed preferentially when its presentation is delayed by 30-60 ms. In the first of three experiments with 60 normal right-handed adults, we replicated the Berlin et al. ''lag effect,'' but only for asynchronies between 60 and 90 ms. In Experiment 2 subjects focused attention selectively on one ear. The results indicated that focused attention and stimulus asynchrony have additive effects: Performance improved at the attended ear irrespective of stimulus asynchrony, but the lag effect remained unchanged relative to the divided-attention condition; Experiment 3 entailed a signal detection task that allowed separate analysis of detection and localization accuracy. As in previous studies, selective attention to one ear increased the accuracy of localization but not detection at the attended ear. Both dependent measures indicated a lag effect that remained invariant as attention was manipulated. These findings imply that the lag effect is attributable to a preattentional stage of auditory processing.

Note: Article Wood S, Univ Calif Los Angeles, Alzheimers Dis Ctr, Reed Neurol Bldg, 710 Westwood Pl, Los Angeles,CA 90095 USA

Keyword(s): auditory masking; temporal processing; sound localization; RIGHT-EAR ADVANTAGE; HANDEDNESS; CHILDREN

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