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October 2021

Changes in suicide in England and Wales, 1960-1997

Journal/Book: Brit J Psychiat. 2000; 176: British Journal of Psychiatry 17 Belgrave Square, London SW1X 8Pg, England. Royal College Of Psychiatrists. 64-67.

Abstract: Background Methods of suicide and suicide rates in England and Wales have fluctuated considerably since the 1960s. Aims To review the changes that have occurred in suicide rates in England and Wales between 1960 and 1997. Method Suicide rates, derived from total annual suicides and the estimated annual resident population, were obtained from the Office for National Statistics. Results Suicide rates decreased in both genders between the early 1960s and the mid-1970s. The rate for males then increased between 1975 and 1990, while the rate for females continued to fall. Between 1990 and 1997, the rate decreased for males and females in all age groups, particularly for those using motor vehicle exhaust gas; the latter finding is associated with increasing use of catalytic converters. Conclusions Following the increase in suicide among males until 1990 there was a decrease for both genders between 1990 and 1997, consistent with the 'Health of the Nation' target. Declaration of interest National Health Service funding for honorary senior lecturer sessions with Imperial College.

Note: Article McClure GMG, Chelsea & Westminster Hosp, Imperial Coll, Sch Med, 369 Fulham Rd, London SW10 9NH, ENGLAND

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