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January 2022

Varieties of repetitive behavior in autism: Comparisons to mental retardation

Author(s): Symons, F. J., Parker, D. E., Lewis, M. H.

Journal/Book: J Autism Dev Disord. 2000; 30: 233 Spring St, New York, NY 10013, USA. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ. 237-243.

Abstract: Systematic study of abnormal repetitive behaviors in autism has been lacking despite the diagnostic significance of such behavior. The occurrence of specific topographies of repetitive behaviors as well as their severity was assessed in individuals with mental retardation with and without autism. The occurrence of each behavior category, except dyskinesias, was higher in the autism group and autistic subjects exhibited a significantly greater number of topographies of stereotypy and compulsions. Both groups had significant patterns of repetitive behavior cooccurrence. Autistic subjects had significantly greater severity ratings for compulsions, stereotypy, and self-injury. Repetitive behavior severity also predicted severity of autism. Although abnormal repetition is not specific to autism, an elevated pattern of occurrence and severity appears to characterize the disorder.

Note: Article Lewis MH, Univ Florida, Dept Psychiat, POB 100256, Gainesville,FL 32610 USA

Keyword(s): autism; mental retardation; repetitive behavior; NEUROLEPTIC-RELATED DYSKINESIAS; OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER; SELF-INJURY; CHILDREN; STEREOTYPIES; PREVALENCE; AKATHISIA; MOVEMENT; ADULTS; SCALE


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