Heilpflanzen-Welt - Die Welt der Heilpflanzen!
Heilpflanzen-Welt - Natürlich natürlich!
January 2022

Juggling and bouncing balls: Parallels and differences in dynamic concepts and tools

Journal/Book: Int J Sport Psychol. 1999; 30: Via Panama 68, 00198 Rome, Italy. Edizioni Luigi Pozzi. 462-489.

Abstract: Two lines of research on the related skills of rhythmic bouncing a ball and juggling three balls were reviewed with the goal to reveal commonalities in the strategy typifying the dynamic system approach to movement coordination. For both lines of research concepts from nonlinear dynamics and their experimental results were presented While there were evident differences in the physical principles and key variables, the dual presentation demonstrated the similarity in the modeling strategy and rbe methodology. Criteria for dynamically stable solutions defined the boundaries that the actor's movements had to satisfy in order to perform the rhythmic task. Essential in both approaches was that one key variable provided the reference frame for evaluating skilled performance and the process of learning. The role of perceptual information was evaluated by the decrement in stability of performance that selected perceptual manipulations induced. Individual differences between subjects in hall bouncing were shown to be the consequence of their choice of the key variable which further constrained the kinematic properties across different movement realizations individual differences between expert jugglers were interpreted as their '' deliberate'' choice of a solution that was not tightly constrained by maximum stability but rather one that afforded them more flexibility. This contrasting review, aimed to show the spectrum of tools that a dynamic approach has to offer. It further showed that an analysis from a nonlinear dynamic can establish a basis from which a set of important issues in motor control can be addressed, in a quantitative and physically principled manner.

Note: Article Sternad D, Penn State Univ, Dept Kinesiol, 266 Recreat Bldg, University Pk,PA 16802 USA

Keyword(s): ball perception; dynamic system perspective; motor control; perceptual information; PROPORTIONAL DURATION MODEL; MOVEMENT COORDINATION; RHYTHMIC MOVEMENT; SYNERGETIC THEORY; LEARNED PATTERNS; SKILL

Search only the database: 


Zurück | Weiter

© Top Fit Gesund, 1992-2022. Alle Rechte vorbehalten – ImpressumDatenschutzerklärung