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October 2021

Aging, culture and control: Setting a new research agenda

Author(s): Heckhausen, J.

Journal/Book: J Gerontol Ser B Psychol Sci. 1999; 54: 1275 K Street NW Suite 350, Washington, DC 20005-4006, USA. Gerontological Society Amer. P139-P145.

Abstract: In the context of reviewing the current status of research on aging and control, we put forth five propositions: (I) Striving for primary control is a human universal invariant across historical time and diverse cultural settings; (2) the expression of control striving is in part shaped by culture; (3) the field needs to move away from the study of perceived control and its correlates to the study of motivational aspects of control; (4) control should be studied in a life span context and the focus should be on key transitions that redefine opportunities for control striving; and (5) inasmuch as primary control striving is such a central element of human functioning, research on its demise at the end of life should receive high priority.

Note: Article Schulz R, Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Psychiat, Suite 605, 121 Univ Pl, Pittsburgh,PA 15260 USA

Keyword(s): SECONDARY CONTROL; PERCEIVED CONTROL; OLDER ADULTS; SENSE; LIFE; STRESS; LOCUS; PREDICTABILITY; HEALTH; CHOICE


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