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November 2021

The role of phonological awareness, speech perception, and auditory temporal processing for dyslexia

Author(s): Deimel, W., Bartling, J., Remschmidt, H.

Journal/Book: Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatr. 1999; 8: Platz der Deutschen Einheit 25, D-64293 Darmstadt, Germany. Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag. 28-34.

Abstract: There is strong evidence that auditory processing plays a major role in the etiology of dyslexia. Auditory temporal processing of non-speech stimuli, speech perception, and phonological awareness have been shown to be influential in reading and spelling development. However, the relationship between these variables remains unclear. In order to analyze the influence of these three auditory processing levels on spelling, 19 dyslexic and 15 control children were examined. Significant group differences were found for all speech variables, but not for any non-speech variable. Structural equation modeling resulted in a fairly simple model with direct paths to the respective next lower level. One additional path from preattentive speech processing to spelling had to be included in order to improve the model fit. These results strengthen the role of speech and phonological processing for the etiology in dyslexia.

Note: Article Schulte-Korne G, Univ Marburg, Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Hans Sachs Str 6, D-35039 Marburg, GERMANY

Keyword(s): dyslexia; phonological awareness; mismatch negativity; speech perception; auditory temporal processing; DEVELOPMENTAL DYSLEXIA; SPELLING DISABILITY; CHILDREN; DEFICITS; KINDERGARTEN; ABILITIES; KNOWLEDGE; SKILLS; COMPONENTS; ADULTS

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