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November 2021

Is a picture worth a thousand words? Evidence from concept definitions by patients with semantic dementia

Author(s): Graham, K. S., Patterson, K., Hodges, J. R.

Journal/Book: Brain Lang. 1999; 70: 525 B St, Ste 1900, San Diego, CA 92101-4495, USA. Academic Press Inc. 309-335.

Abstract: Nine patients with semantic dementia (the temporal lobe variant of frontotemporal dementia) were asked to define concrete concepts either from presentation of a picture of the object or from its spoken name. As expected, the patients with the most severe semantic impairment produced the least detailed definitions, and the quality of the definitions overall was significantly related to concept familiarity. Further analyses of the definitions were designed to assess two key theoretical aspects of semantic organization. (i) Do objects and their corresponding names activate conceptual information in two neuroanatomically separable (modality-specific) semantic systems? If so, then-apart from any expected commonality in performance attributable to factors such as concept familiarity-one would not predict striking item-specific similarities in a patient's picture- and word-elicited definitions. (ii) Do sensory/perceptual features and more associative/functional attributes of conceptual knowledge form two neuroanatomically separable subsystems? If so, then one would predict significant dissociations in the prominence of these two types of information in the patients' definitions. The results lead us to favor a model of the semantic system that is divided by attribute type but not by modality.

Note: Article Ralph MAL, MRC, Cognit & Brain Sci Unit, 15 Chaucer Rd, Cambridge CB1 2EF, ENGLAND

Keyword(s): PROGRESSIVE FLUENT APHASIA; LONG-TERM-MEMORY; MULTIPLE SEMANTICS; ASSOCIATIVE KNOWLEDGE; CATEGORY SPECIFICITY; ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE; MEANING SYSTEMS; LIVING THINGS; IMPAIRMENT; MODALITY


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