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October 2021

Validation of a right hemisphere vigilance system as measured by principal component and factor analyzed quantitative electroencephalogram

Author(s): Walker, K. A., Weiler, M. D., Valentino, D. A.

Journal/Book: Int J Psychophysiol. 1999; 32: PO Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands. Elsevier Science Bv. 119-128.

Abstract: Arruda and colleagues [Arruda, J.E., Weller, M.D., Valentine, D.A. Et al., 1996. A guide for applying principal-component analysis and confirmatory factor analysis to qEEG data. Int. J. Psychophysiol. 23, 63-81.] recently described seven neurophysiological measures that were previously derived and confirmed using factor analytic procedures and the quantitative electroencephalogram (EEG) sampled from 208 normal controls during an auditory continuous performance test (CPT). The purpose of the present investigation was to further test the validity of these empirically derived measures by examining each measure's relationship with CPT-related declines in performance. Participants were 48 right-handed men (n = 13) and women (n = 35) who reported being free of any neurological condition, birthing complications, or loss of consciousness greater than 2 min. After completing an eyes-closed resting condition, participants performed a 23-min CPT while both quantitative EEG and behavioral performance were measured at 45, 405, 765 and 1125 s into the CPT. Bipolar recordings were gathered using the International 10-20 system, from eight sites: frontal, fronto-temporal, temporal and temporal-occipital. Multivariate and follow-up univariate tests suggest the existence of a neurophysiological system located within the right temporal region that appears essential for the maintenance of a sustained attentional state. If confirmed, the further quantification of this neurocognitive system may prove useful as part of a clinical diagnostic workup.

Note: Article Arruda JE, Mercer Univ, Coll Liberal Arts, Dept Psychol, 1400 Coleman Ave, Macon,GA 31207 USA

Keyword(s): EEG; attention; vigilance; right hemisphere; principle components analysis; factor analysis; PCA; FA; POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY; CONTINUOUS PERFORMANCE-TEST; GLUCOSE METABOLIC-RATE; SUSTAINED ATTENTION; MUSCLE-ACTIVITY; EEG; ACTIVATION; BRAIN; BEHAVIOR; AROUSAL


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