Heilpflanzen-Welt - Die Welt der Heilpflanzen!
Heilpflanzen-Welt - Natürlich natürlich!
May 2022

The effects of early and late preterm birth on brainstem and middle-latency auditory evoked responses in children with normal neurodevelopment

Author(s): Rotteveel, J. J., Degraaf, R., Maassen, B., Visco, Y. M.

Journal/Book: J Clin Neurophysiol. 1996; 13: 227 East Washington Sq, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Lippincott-Raven Publ. 234-241.

Abstract: In preterm and term infants, brainstem and middle latency auditory evoked responses (ABR and MLR) were obtained at 40 and 52 weeks conceptional age (CA) and at 5 years of age. A neurological and neuropsychological evaluation was performed at 5 years of age. To study the effect of preterm birth on the maturation of the ABR and MLR, the preterm infants were divided into early and late preterm groups. Only children with a normal neurodevelopmental outcome at 5 years of age were entered into the study. For ABR, the late preterm group showed significantly longer mean latencies IIc, III, V, and Vc when compared with the term group at 52 weeks CA. There was a trend to longer ABR latencies I in the early preterm group compared with the term group. At 52 weeks CA, the late preterm group showed longer mean interpeak latencies III-I and V-I when compared with the term as well as the early preterm group. At 5 years, the late preterm group showed significantly longer mean ABR latencies IIc and III when compared to the early preterm group. For MLR, the early preterm group showed significantly longer mean latencies of MLR component PO when compared with the term group at 40 weeks CA. At 52 weeks, the late preterm group also had longer mean MLR latencies PO than the term group. At 5 years of age, the term group showed higher mean peak-to-peak amplitudes Na-PO than the early as well as the late preterm group. To a large extent, the ABR results support the hypothesis that middle ear effusions in combination with retarded myelination of the central auditory pathway are responsible for the ABR differences found between term and preterm infants with a normal neurodevelopmental outcome at 5 years of age. The longer latencies and interpeak latencies found in late preterm infants when compared with early preterm infants might be explained by an augmented vulnerability of the auditory pathway between 30 and 34 weeks CA. The MLR differences found between term and preterm infants might be explained by a difference in the maturation of primary and nonprimary MLR components.

Note: Article JW Pasman, Univ Nijmegen Hosp, Inst Neurol, Dept Clin Neurophysiol, POB 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, Netherlands

Keyword(s): brainstem auditory evoked responses; middle latency auditory evoked responses; prematurity; maturation; central auditory pathway; myelination; MONTHS POST TERM; NEONATAL BRAIN; STEM RESPONSES; MATURATION; INFANTS; MYELINATION; POTENTIALS; CONDUCTION; SYSTEM; PERIOD


Search only the database: 

 

Zurück | Weiter

© Top Fit Gesund, 1992-2022. Alle Rechte vorbehalten – ImpressumDatenschutzerklärung