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January 2022

Youth unemployment and mental health - Gender differences and economic stress

Author(s): Starrin, B.

Journal/Book: Scand J Soc Welfare. 1996; 5: 35 Norre Sogade, PO Box 2148, DK-1016 Copenhagen, Denmark. Munksgaard Int Publ Ltd. 215-228.

Abstract: This article accounts for a study among 81 unemployed people under 25 years of age and 143 youth trainees in a small municipality in central Sweden. The results show an explicit relationship between unemployment and mental ill health among young people. One unemployed man of four and every second unemployed woman feels that the mental well-being grew worse when they became unemployed. The opposite is experienced by one male youth trainee of four and four female youth trainees of ten, who state that their mental well-being improved when they got into a youth training program after having earlier been unemployed. The results also show that young people with poor finances on the whole have more mental troubles and anxiety about the future than young people with good finances have. The article discusses possible explanations for the patterns with respect to gender and the private financial situations that appear in the results.

Note: Article Hagquist C, Varmland Cty Council, Ctr Publ Hlth Res, POB 9104, S-65009 Karlstad, SWEDEN

Keyword(s): youth; unemployment; mental health; gender; economic stress; PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS; FINANCIAL STRAIN; CONSEQUENCES; ALCOHOL; INCOME


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