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Adaptation of cell renewal systems under continuous irradiation.

Journal/Book: Health-Phys. 1987 May; 52(5): 561-70. 1987;

Abstract: AB: There are adaptive changes in the proliferative characteristics of renewal tissues under the stress of continuous low-dose-rate irradiation which indicate that cell and tissue kinetics will have a considerable effect on the radiation response. Factors that determine the adaptation response involve cellular radiosensitivity i.e. cell cycle effects which determine the rate of cell sterilization and death and compensatory cell proliferation and the capacity for regeneration i.e. changes in the patterns of cell population kinetics which determine the rate of cell birth. In rapidly dividing cell renewal systems there is an effective elimination of damaged cells with almost complete repair of cellular nonlethal damage. In slowly dividing renewal tissues there is some repair or elimination of cellular radiation damage and the pattern of cell proliferation during regeneration is relatively little disturbed by prior continuous irradiation. Experimental data on intestinal epithelium immunohematopoietic tissues seminiferous epithelium and regenerating liver are presented. Discussion includes differences in adaptation to continuous low-dose-rate irradiation involving intracellular and extracellular control mechanisms which regulate cellular proliferation and differentiation and thereby control cell population levels and physiological function. hl

Keyword(s): Hematopoietic-Stem-Cells-radiation-effects; Intestine -Small-cytology; Intestine -Small-radiation-effects; Spermatogonia-radiation-effects; Time-Factors

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