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October 2021

Five case studies using music with geriatric patients in a long term care facility

Abstract: A systematic music preference observation was developed for bed-riddened, noncommunicative, and unresponsive geriatric patients. Twenty one physical responses grouped into four categories (eye responses, body movements, oral sounds, and facial expressions) were counted during various music selections, interspersed with intervals of silence to determine individuals' responsiveness. Therapy procedures to increase awareness responses were implemented based on observations. Results suggested that preferred music elicits and maintains the limited awareness responses of individuals and, with structure, expands the repertoire of communicative reactions to change.

Keyword(s): case-study, music, geriatric, nursing-home, music-preference, music-preference-test, communication.

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