In vivo EMG biofeedback in violin and viola pedagogy
Journal/Book: Biofeedback Self Regul. 1984; 9: 161-8.
Abstract: In vivo EMG biofeedback was found to be an effective pedagogical tool for removing unwanted left-hand tension in nine violin and viola players. Improvement occurred rapidly and persisted throughout a 5-month follow-up period. Further studies will be necessary to assess the effect of biofeedback independent of placebo effects. The brevity of the method and the magnitude of improvement warrant further investigation.
Keyword(s): Biofeedback (Psychology)|. Electromyography|. Muscle Contraction|. Muscle Relaxation|. Music|