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August 2015

J Ethnopharmacol. 2003 Oct; 88(2-3): 199-204.

Antimicrobial activity of selected Peruvian medicinal plants.

Rojas R, Bustamante B, Bauer J, Fernández I, Albán J, Lock O.

Departamento de Qui;mica, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Aptdo. Postal 1761, 100, Lima, Peru

The antimicrobial activity of 36 ethanol extracts from 24 plants, all of them currently used in the Peruvian traditional medicine for the treatment of several infectious and inflammatory disorders, was tested by means of the agar-well diffusion assay against four bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and four fungi (Candida albicans, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Microsporum gypseum and Sporothrix schenckii). Twenty-five (69%) extracts showed some degree of antimicrobial activity against at least one microorganism. The plants with the greatest antimicrobial activity were Cestrum auriculatum L. Heritier (Solanaceae), Iryanthera lancifolia Ducke Suesseng (Myristicaceae), Lepechinia meyenii (Walp.) Epling (Lamiaceae) and Ophryosporus peruvianus (Gmelin) King & H. Rob. (Asteraceae).

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