ŽNeue Deutsche Heilkunde': complementary/alternative medicine in the Third Reich
Abstract: The aim of this article is to discuss complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) in the Third Reich. Based an a general movement towards all things natural, a powerful trend towards natural ways of healing had developed in the I 9t" century. By I 930 this had led to a situation where roughly as many lay practitioners of CAM existed in Germany as doctors.To re-unify German medicine under the banner of 'Neue Deutsche Heilkunde', the Nazi officials created the 'Heilpraktiker' - a profession which was meant to become extinct within one generation.The 'flag ship' of the 'Neue Deutsche Heilkunde' was the 'Rudolf Hess Krankenhaus' in Dresden. It represented a full integration of CAM and orthodox medicine. An example of systematic research into CAM is the Nazi government's project to validate homoeopathy. Even though the data are now lost, the results of this research seem to have been negative. Even though there are some striking similarities between today's CAM and yesterday's 'Neue Deutsche Heilkunde' there are important differences. Most importantly, perhaps, today's CAM is concerned with the welfare of the individual, whereas the 'Neue Deutsche Heilkunde' was aimed at ensuring the dominance of the Aryan race.