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October 2021

Nonword repetition performance in school-age children with and without language impairment

Author(s): Tomblin, J. B., Zhang, X. Y., Buckwalter, P., Chynoweth, J. G., Jones, M.

Journal/Book: J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2000; 43: 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852-3279, USA. Amer Speech-Language-Hearing Assoc. 865-878.

Abstract: This study examined nonword repetition performance in a population-based sample of school-age children. A total of 581 second graders who were participating in a longitudinal, epidemiologic investigation of specific language impairment (SLI) were administered the Nonword Repetition Task (NRT) developed by Dollaghan & Campbell (1998). Performance was examined according to second-grade diagnostic category, presence/absence of language impairment, and treatment status. Results indicated that children with language impairment, as well as those in intervention, exhibited deficient nonword repetition skills compared to normal language controls. Findings also confirmed that the NRT is a culturally nonbiased measure of language processing. Results from likelihood ratio analyses indicated that NRT performance, though not sufficient on its own, may provide a useful index to assist in ruling in or ruling out language disorder.

Note: Article Weismer SE, Univ Wisconsin, Waisman Ctr Mental Retardat & Human Dev, 1500 Highland Ave, Madison,WI 53706 USA

Keyword(s): language disorders; specific language impairment; nonword repetition tasks; phonological working memory; cultural bias; SHORT-TERM-MEMORY; PHONOLOGICAL MEMORY; VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT; IDENTIFYING CHILDREN; WORKING-MEMORY; KINDERGARTEN-CHILDREN; CRITERIA; SPEECH; GATHERCOLE; PREVALENCE

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