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October 2021

Comparison of water- and land-based exercise in the reduction of state anxiety among older adults

Author(s): Takeshima, N., Okada, A., Inomata, K.

Journal/Book: Percept Mot Skills. 2000; 91: PO Box 9229, Missoula, MT 59807, USA. Perceptual Motor Skills. 97-104.

Abstract: This study examined the effect of an acute exercise program of different exercise conditions on state anxiety among older adults. 73 healthy subjects were recruited and randomly assigned to either water exercise group (n=36) or land exercise group (n=37). State anxiety was assessed before exercise and following exercise. Subjects in the water exercise performed a 70-min. Exercise program consisting of a 10-min. Warm-up, a 20-min. Brisk walking, a 20-min. Rhythmic dancing, a 10-min. Resistance training, and a 10-min. Cool down exercise. The land exercise program contained a 10-min. Warm-up and a 30-min. Combined endurance and resistance exercise, followed by a 10-min. Cool down exercise. Analysis showed that both exercise groups scored significantly (p<.001) lower on anxiety after exercise, but there was no significant interaction for group by trial for scores on stare anxiety. The data indicate that elderly persons who participate in these types of exercise report lower state anxiety.

Note: Article Watanabe E, Chukyo Univ, Dept Phys Educ, 1-1 Tokodate Kaizu Cho, Aichi 4700393, JAPAN


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