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August 2021

Effects of severe traumatic brain injury on visual memory

Author(s): Harris, D., OGorman, J. G.

Journal/Book: J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2000; 22: P O Box 825, 2160 Sz Lisse, Netherlands. Swets Zeitlinger Publishers. 25-39.

Abstract: The study aimed to clarify the effects of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) on visual memory. Three groups of participants (14 late-recovery and 14 early-recovery TBI individuals and 18 controls) were administered the following: The Shum Visual Learning Test (SVLT), a test that measures the ability to remember visual patterns, an electronic maze test, a test that measures the ability to remember spatial positions, and the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT), a test of verbal memory and learning. The individuals with TBI (late- and early-recovery) were found to be impaired on the SVLT and the RAVLT but not on the electronic maze. Specifically, on the SVLT, they were found to learn at a slower rate and make more false-positive errors than the controls. The advantages of the SVLT over visual memory tests used in previous studies and the significance of findings of the present study were discussed.

Note: Article Shum DHK, Griffith Univ, Sch Appl Psychol, Nathan, Qld 4111, AUSTRALIA

Keyword(s): CLOSED-HEAD-INJURY


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