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October 2021

Personality and substance use disorders: A prospective study

Author(s): Bartholow, B. D., Wood, M. D.

Journal/Book: J Consult Clin Psychol. 2000; 68: 750 First St NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242, USA. Amer Psychological Assoc. 818-829.

Abstract: The personality systems of Cloninger las measured by the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire [TPQ]) and Eysenck las measured by the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire [EPQ]) both have been linked to substance use and abuse. The current study examined the predictive utility of both systems for substance use disorder (SUD) diagnoses, both cross-sectionally and prospectively. Participants (N = 489 at baseline) completed the EPQ and TPQ and were assessed via structured diagnostic interview at baseline and 6 years later (N = 457 at follow-up). Both the EPQ and TPQ scales demonstrated bivariate cross-sectional and prospective associations with SUDs. Within each system, those dimensions marking a broad impulsive sensation-seeking or behavioral disinhibition trait were the best predictors prospectively, although the 2 systems were differentially sensitive to specific diagnoses. These relations remained significant even with autoregressivity, other concurrent SUD diagnoses, and multiple personality dimensions statistically controlled.

Note: Article Sher KJ, Univ Missouri, Dept Psychol, 200 S 7th St, Columbia,MO 65211 USA

Keyword(s): ALCOHOL-USE DISORDERS; DRUG-USE; SENSATION SEEKING; 5-FACTOR MODEL; ENVIRONMENTAL CONTRIBUTIONS; COLLEGE-STUDENTS; FAMILY HISTORY; UNITED-STATES; RISK-FACTORS; DIMENSIONS


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