An examination of the relationship between resting heart rate variability and heart rate reactivity to a mental arithmetic stressor
Author(s):, , , ,
Journal/Book: Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedbac. 2000; 25: 233 Spring St, New York, NY 10013, USA. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ. 143-153.
Abstract: Resting heart rate variability can be art index of sympathetic or parasympathetic dominance, according to the frequency of the variability studied. Sympathetic dominance of this system has been linked to increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), Similarly, rapid and dramatic increases in heart rate reactivity to a stressor task have also been suggested as indicating increased risk of CVD via atherogenesis. Although both of these variables have been related to the development of cardiovascular disease, and both may be related to increased sympathetic activity or parasympathetic withdrawal, most research studies have tended refocus on either variable independently of the other In order to investigate whether these two indices of stressor reactivity were related in relatively young and healthy subjects, resting heart I-ate variability delta were collected from 80 volunteers for 20 minutes. In addition, heart rate reactivity data were collected during a 2-minute mental arithmetic stressor, which has been previously shown to induce significant increases in heart rate, After classifying subjects according to whether their heart rate variability data were above or below, the mean for their gender; heart rate reactivity data were examined via MANOVA to detect significant differences between subject groups. Females showed significant effects, and males showed nonsignificant trends, but these two sets of data were indifferent directions, suggesting that gender may be a confounding factor in the relationship between heart rate reactivity and heart rate variability.
Note: Article Sharpley CF, Bond Univ, Inst Hlth Sci, Gold Coast, Qld 4225, AUSTRALIA
Keyword(s): cardiovascular disease; heart rate reactivity; heart rate variability; RESPIRATORY SINUS ARRHYTHMIA; CARDIOVASCULAR REACTIVITY; PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESSOR; DISEASE; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; PATHOGENESIS