Auditory spatial attention using interaural time differences
Journal/Book: J Exp Psychol Hum Percep Perf. 2000; 26: 750 First St NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242, USA. Amer Psychological Assoc. 717-729.
Abstract: Previous probe-signal studies of auditory spatial attention have shown faster responses to sounds at an expected versus an unexpected location, making no distinction between the use of interaural time difference (ITD) cues and interaural-level difference cues. In 5 experiments, performance on a same-different spatial discrimination task was used in place of the reaction time metric, and sounds, presented over headphones, were lateralized only by an ITD. In all experiments, performance was better for signals lateralized on the expected side of the head, supporting the conclusion that ITDs can be used as a basis for covert orienting. The performance advantage generalized to all sounds within the spatial focus and was not dissipated by a trial-by-trial rove in frequency or by a rove in spectral profile. Successful use by the listeners of a cross-modal, centrally positioned visual cue provided evidence for top-down attentional control.
Note: Article Sach AJ, Univ York, Dept Psychol, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, ENGLAND
Keyword(s): FREQUENCY-SELECTIVITY; NOISE; MECHANISMS; HEARING; INFORMATION; UNCERTAINTY; AUDITION; MASKERS; SIGNALS; SHIFTS