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October 2021

Personality traits and psychological factors in voice pathology: A foundation for future research

Author(s): Bless, D. M.

Journal/Book: J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2000; 43: 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852-3279, USA. Amer Speech-Language-Hearing Assoc. 737-748.

Abstract: It has been argued that personality, emotions, and psychological problems contribute to or are primary causes of voice disorders and that voice disorders in turn create psychological problems and personality effects. This article (a) briefly reviews the literature surrounding the role of psychological and personality processes in individuals with functional dysphonia (FD), vocal nodules (VN), and spasmodic dysphonia (SD); (b) provides an overview of recent concepts in personality and trait structure; and (c) summarizes the fundamental tenets of a theoretical synthesis proposed by Roy and Bless (2000) to explain the dispositional bases of FD and VN. This theory links FD and VN to the signal sensitivities and behavioral response biases of neurotic introverts and neurotic extraverts, respectively In a companion article, the merits of the Roy and Bless theory are evaluated.

Note: Review Roy N, Univ Utah, Dept Commun Disorders, 390 South 1530 East, Room 1219, Salt Lake City,UT 84112 USA

Keyword(s): voice disorders; personality traits; functional dysphonia; vocal nodules; SPASMODIC DYSPHONIA; FUNCTIONAL DYSPHONIA; PSYCHOSOMATIC ASPECTS; SPASTIC DYSPHONIA; VOCAL NODULES; DISORDERS; THERAPY; CHILDREN; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; DIAGNOSIS


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