Respiratory resistance during emotional stimulation: evidence for a nonspecific effect of experienced arousal?
Journal/Book: Biol Psychol. 2000; 52: PO Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands. Elsevier Science Bv. 143-160.
Abstract: We investigated the effects of phasic emotional stimuli on total respiratory resistance (TRR) in 16 nonasthmatic students. Six series of happy, neutral, and depressing affective pictures and self-referent Velten statements were presented. Each stimulus was presented for 12 s and subsequently imagined for 12 s. TRR was measured by forced oscillations throughout the stimulus series, together with ventilation, cardiac activity (including respiratory sinus arrhythmia), and facial EMGs (corrugator supercilii, orbicularis oculi, and masseter). In addition, self-reports of mood, pleasure and arousal were obtained. TRR was increased during happy and depressing stimuli compared to neutral stimuli, with stronger effects for the inspiratory component of TRR. Ventilatory parameters did not explain the changes observed in TRR. Discrimination of affective categories by facial EMG was weak. Although EMG masseter activity did not account for this result, an influence of the respiration measurement procedure on facial EMG cannot be ruled out. The TRR results are in accordance with clinical reports of asthmatic symptom aggravation due to positive or negative emotional arousal.
Note: Article Ritz T, Univ London St Georges Hosp, Sch Med, Dept Psychol, London SW17 0RE, ENGLAND
Keyword(s): total respiratory resistance; emotion induction; respiration; EMG; SINUS ARRHYTHMIA; STARTLE REFLEX; AUTONOMIC RESPONSE; AFFECTIVE IMAGERY; AIRWAY CHANGES; ASTHMA; SUGGESTION; MODULATION; IMPEDANCE; PATTERNS