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October 2021

Information processing deficits in relatives of manic depressive patients

Author(s): Jouvent, R., Quintin, P., PerezDiaz, F., Leboyer, M.

Journal/Book: Psychol Med. 2000; 30: 40 West 20Th Street, New York, NY 10011-4211, USA. Cambridge Univ Press. 545-555.

Abstract: Background, The importance of genetic factors in the aetiology of manic-depressive illness (MDI) has been repeatedly confirmed and indicators of vulnerability to the illness in families with affective disorders are needed. Abnormal event-related potentials (ERP) may be markers of genetic vulnerability to mental illness. Long latency and low amplitude of P300 have consistently been reported in schizophrenic patients and their relatives. A few studies have also shown P300 deficits in MDI patients, but no ERP study has been performed on their relatives. Methods. ERPs were recorded during an auditory oddball task in 19 relatives belonging to families with two or more bipolar patients and in controls with no familial or personal history of affective disorders. The relatives were selected as having no affective disorders on a lifetime basis, but eight had an anxiety disorder. Results. In all relatives, a lower P300 amplitude and a longer P300 latency was found, with much longer reaction time and post-N200 duration till button press than controls. A lack of P300 amplitude dominance in the right hemisphere was also found in relatives in comparison with controls. There also appeared to be a frontal predominance of ERP abnormalities in relatives. Conclusion. We report the first evidence of deficits in reaction time and in P300 amplitude and latency, and a lack of P300 right-sided dominance, in relatives of manic-depressive patients. This pattern may constitute an endophenotypic marker of manic-depressive disorder.

Note: Article Jouvent R, Hop La Pitie Salpetriere, CNRS, UMR 7593, Lab Personnalites & Conduites Adaptives, Pavill Clerambault, 47 Blvd Hosp, F-75651 Paris 13, FRANCE


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