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May 2022

Patient-centredness: a conceptual framework and review of the empirical literature

Author(s): Bower, P.

Journal/Book: Soc Sci Med. 2000; 51: the Boulevard Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford Ox5 1GB, England. Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd. 1087-1110.

Abstract: A 'patient-centred' approach is increasingly regarded as crucial for the delivery of high quality care by doctors. However, there is considerable ambiguity concerning the exact meaning of the term and the optimum method of measuring the process and outcomes of patient-centred care. This paper reviews the conceptual and empirical literature in order to develop a model of the various aspects of the doctor-patient relationship encompassed by the concept of 'patient-centredness' and to assess the advantages and disadvantages of alternative methods of measurement. Five conceptual dimensions are identified: biopsychosocial perspective; 'patient-as-person'; sharing power and responsibility; therapeutic alliance; and 'doctor-as-person'. Two main approaches to measurement are evaluated: self-report instruments and external observation methods. A number of recommendations concerning the measurement of patient-centredness are made.

Note: Review Mead N, Univ Manchester, Natl Primary Care Res & Dev Ctr, 5th Floor Williamson Bldg, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, ENGLAND

Keyword(s): patient-centred care; process assessment; literature review; physician-patient relations; quality of health care; communication; CENTERED CLINICAL METHOD; GENERAL-PRACTITIONERS ATTITUDES; MEDICAL-CARE; PATIENTS SATISFACTION; CONSUMER SATISFACTION; COMMUNICATION-SKILLS; EXPLANATORY MODELS; INTERNAL-MEDICINE; DRUG METAPHOR; CONSULTATION


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