Toward a model of family-environmental and child-biological influences on development
Journal/Book: Develop Rev. 2000; 20: 525 B St, Ste 1900, San Diego, CA 92101-4495, USA. Academic Press Inc. 150-179.
Abstract: This paper illuminates different perspectives on family influences on the child's development. Genetic and biological factors make very important contributions to the development of individual differences, though parental actions/attitudes via bidirectional influence systems between parents and children play a role there, too. The areas of behavioral gender differences and conduct disorder were chosen to illustrate the fact that the importance of parental factors in determining individual differences within cultures has often been exaggerated, By contrast, the area of differential math achievement between East Asian and North American cultures was selected to illustrate a strong environmental effect, arising from parents and school, acting on achievement differences between cultures. The difference between explanations of variations within versus between cultures is discussed.
Note: Article Lytton H, 3911 Vardell Rd, Calgary, AB T3A 0C3, CANADA
Keyword(s): SEX-DIFFERENCES; GENDER DIFFERENCES; UNITED-STATES; MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT; COGNITIVE-DEVELOPMENT; AMERICAN-CHILDREN; HOME-ENVIRONMENT; META-ANALYSIS; MATERNAL IQ; BEHAVIOR