Sex differences and similarities in job attribute preferences: A meta-analysis
Journal/Book: Psychol Bull. 2000; 126: 750 First St NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242, USA. Amer Psychological Assoc. 593-641.
Abstract: Many researchers have studied sex differences in job attribute preferences. The authors meta-analyzed 242 samples collected from 321,672 men and boys and 316,842 women and girls in the United States between 1970 and 1998. Findings indicated significant (p <.05) sex differences on 33 of 40 job attribute preferences examined. The effect sizes were small. Of the 33 significant differences, 26 had average effect sizes of magnitude .20 or less. The directions of the differences were generally consistent with gender roles and stereotypes. Many job attributes became relatively more important to women and girls in the 1980s and 1990s compared with the 1970s, indicating that women's aspirations to obtain job attributes rose as gender barriers to opportunity declined.
Note: Article Konrad AM, Temple Univ, Fox Sch Business & Management, Dept Human Resource Adm, 1810 N 13th St, Philadelphia,PA 19122 USA
Keyword(s): MALE-FEMALE DIFFERENCES; WORK FAMILY ISSUES; GENDER DIFFERENCES; OCCUPATIONAL VALUES; AFFIRMATIVE-ACTION; COLLEGE-STUDENTS; DECISION-MAKING; UNITED-STATES; WOMEN; ATTITUDES