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September 2021

Tones disappear faster in the right ear than in the left

Author(s): Micheyl, C., Pham, E., Maison, S., Veuillet, E., Collet, L.

Journal/Book: Percept Psychophys. 2000; 62: 1710 Fortview Rd, Austin, TX 78704, USA. Psychonomic Soc Inc. 647-655.

Abstract: In order to gain further information on the characteristics and physiological correlates of tone decay in humans, the tone decay test was administered to 58 normal-hearing subjects, successively in the left and right ears and in absence and presence of a contralateral noise. The results revealed that tone decay was greater in the right than in the left ear and was increased by contralateral noise. The contralateral effect of this noise on cochlear biomechanisms was then estimated by measuring contralaterally induced variations in the amplitude of click-evoked otoacoustic emissions in the same subjects. In the right ear, the increase in tone decay and the decrease in otoacoustic emission amplitude-both induced by contralateral noise-were positively correlated (r = .315, p = .016). Furthermore, the contralateral changes in otoacoustic emission amplitude were found to be on average larger in the right than in the left ear, this asymmetry being correlated with that observed for the tone decay. These findings are discussed in relation to previous results on simple and induced loudness adaptation in the vicinity of threshold, on contralateral attenuation of otoacoustic emissions and on the influence of the auditory efferents on cochlear biomechanisms.

Note: Article Khalfa S, Hop Edouard Herriot, CNRS UPRESA 5020, Pavillon U, 3 Pl Arsonval, F-69003 Lyon, FRANCE

Keyword(s): CONTRALATERAL ACOUSTIC STIMULATION; EVOKED OTOACOUSTIC EMISSIONS; MEDIAL OLIVOCOCHLEAR SYSTEM; GUINEA-PIG; LOUDNESS ADAPTATION; HAIR-CELLS; HEARING; SOUND; SUPPRESSION; ASYMMETRY


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