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October 2021

The effect of an interactive experience on music majors' perceptions of music for deaf students

Author(s): Johnson, K. E.

Journal/Book: J Music Therapy. 2000; 37: 8455 Colesville Rd, Ste 1000, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA. Natl Assoc Music Therapy Inc. 222-234.

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of an interactive experience on music majors' perceptions of music experiences for deaf students. Twenty-three members of a pre-existing college brass ensemble served as subjects, and a I-hour interactive concert/presentation for 10 deaf elementary children served as the independent variable. The interactive experience was designed to provide social, musical, and educational interactions between the college musicians and the deaf children. A pretest-posttest design was utilized, and the dependent variable was a questionnaire designed to examine the subjects' perceptions regarding music for deaf students, including how prepared, comfortable, and willing they felt to provide music experiences for deaf students. Results reveal that this single interactive experience had a significant effect on the subjects' perceptions of the value of music in the education of deaf children (p < .05). Although the pretest and posttest scores indicate that the subjects felt apprehensive about their preparedness to work with deaf students the subjects felt significantly more positive about their preparedness following the interaction (p < .001). An analysis of open comments indicates that the subjects perceived the experience as (a) very positive, (b) increasing their knowledge and perception of music for deaf students, (c) helping them better relate to the deaf population, (d) promoting interest in similar experiences and in gaining more information, and (e) eliciting a feeling that future teachers should have similar experiences. Quotes from the subjects are given, and implications for teacher training/music therapy programs are discussed.

Note: Article Kaiser KA, Ithaca Coll, Ithaca,NY 14850 USA

Keyword(s): DISABILITIES; ATTITUDES; EDUCATORS; INCLUSION; CHILDREN; CULTURE


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