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January 2022

The Mozart effect: distinctive aspects of the music--a clue to brain coding?

Author(s): Fino, J. J.

Journal/Book: Clin Electroencephalogr. 2000; 31: 94-103.

Abstract: The goal of this study was to determine distinctive aspects of Mozart music that may explain the "Mozart Effect," specifically, the decrease in seizure activity. As many as 81 musical selections of Mozart, but also 67 of J.C. Bach, 67 of J.S. Bach, 39 of Chopin and 148 from 55 other composers were computer analyzed to quantify the music in search of any distinctive aspect and later to determine the degree to which a dominant periodicity could be found. Long-term periodicity (especially 10-60 sec, mean and median of 30 sec), was found often in Mozart music but also that of the two Bachs, significantly more often than the other composers and was especially absent in the control music that had no effect on epileptic activity in previous studies. Short-term periodicities were not significantly different between Mozart and the Bachs vs. the other composers. The conclusion is that one distinctive aspect of Mozart music is long-term periodicity that may well resonate within the cerebral cortex and also may be related to coding within the brain.

Keyword(s): Brain/physiology. Comparative Study. Human. Music. Periodicity. Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted. Sound Spectrography

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