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December 2021

Contextual influence on the language production of children with speech/language impairment

Author(s): Nettelbladt, U., Nilholm, C.

Journal/Book: Int J Lang Commun Disord. 2000; 35: 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4Ee, England. Taylor & Francis Ltd. 31-47.

Abstract: To investigate the possible contextual variability of language and interaction, data from 10 children with speech/language impairment and three different types of conversational partners (a parent, a peer and a clinician) were collected. The dialogues were analysed with respect to the characteristics of the dialogues as wholes, to the dominance and the productivity of the three types of conversational partners, and to the productivity, fluency and grammatical structure of the language production of the children with speech/language impairment. Productivity was measured as mean length of utterance (MLU) in words, number of utterances, number of different words and proportion of complete and intelligible utterances. Fluency was measured as the proportion of utterances containing a maze. Grammatical structure was analysed with respect to the use of grammatical morphemes, word order patterns, the occurrence of expansions and the complexity of verb forms. Significant differences, in particular between child-child and adult-child dialogues were found. The adult-child dialogues were asymmetrical, where the adults dominated through asking many questions and talking much. The peer dialogues were more dynamic and equal. In these dialogues the children with speech/language impairment took a more active role as a conversational partner. The children produced more utterances and different words with the adult partners, but variables related to fluency and grammatical structure did not vary as a function of the conversational partner. The results imply that children with speech/language impairment practise different aspects of their communicative ability with different types of conversational partners. In particular, it is important to provide them with opportunities to interact with peers, in order for them to develop their skills as independent conversational partners.

Note: Article Hansson K, Univ Lund Hosp, Dept Logoped & Phoniatr, S-22185 Lund, SWEDEN

Keyword(s): phonological impairment; specific language impairment; grammar; interaction; conversational partners; SPEECH; SLI; DISCOURSE; MOTHERS

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