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October 2021

Effects of body-mind training and relaxation stretching on persons with chronic toxic encephalopathy

Author(s): Andersen, L. B.

Journal/Book: Patient Educ Couns. 2000; 39: Customer Relations Manager Bay 15, Shannon Industrial Estate CO, Clare, Ireland. Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd. 155-161.

Abstract: The purpose of this project was to investigate the psychological and physical effects of training of body awareness and slow stretching on persons with chronic toxic encephalopathy (CTE). In the present study, a method of self-regulation, a body-mind training, is presented. The body-mind training used was a guided relaxation technique combined with meditative stretching. The techniques are introduced and the psychological and physiological effects of the training is presented. Eight subjects with CTE, 48.5 years, were trained for 8 weeks. Outcome measures were percentage alpha brain waves (alpha%), electromyography (EMG) on the frontalis muscle, state-trait anxiety (STAI), creativity (RAT), and mood measured as anxiousness, humour and mental fatigue. The mean alpha% increased 52% during the training period (P < 0.01), and the EMG decreased 31% (P < 0.001). State anxiety decreased 22% during the training period (P < 0.01), but no changes were observed in trait anxiety and in the creativity score. The level of anxiousness and fatigue before a training session decreased during the training period. In conclusion, the body-mind training resulted in an improved ability for physical and mental relaxation as indicated from the lower EMG, the higher alpha% and the decrease in state anxiety.

Note: Article Engel L, Univ Copenhagen, Inst Exercise & Sports Sci, Norre Alle 51, DK-2200 Copenhagen, DENMARK

Keyword(s): chronic toxic encephalopathy; body-mind training; stretching; alpha brain waves; EMG; state-trait anxiety; MEDITATION

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