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October 2021

Differential effects of cue dependency on item and source memory

Author(s): Shimamura, A. P.

Journal/Book: J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2000; 26: 750 First St NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242, USA. Amer Psychological Assoc. 1023-1044.

Abstract: The authors investigated the cue dependency of source and item memory. Individuals listened to words spoken by a man or a woman and later determined whether a test word was previously presented by a man or by a woman, or whether it was a new word Cue dependent effects were assessed by presenting test words with (a) the same voice (match condition) that originally presented the word, (b) a different but familiar voice (mismatch condition), (c) a novel test voice (novel condition), and (d) no test voice (control condition). Compared with the control condition, source recollection was facilitated in matching-context conditions, disrupted in mismatching-context conditions, and not affected in novel test conditions. By contrast, item recognition was not affected by the match-mismatch manipulation but was significantly worse in novel test voice conditions. The authors propose an associative source interference view to account for the Voice match-mismatch effects observed in source recollection.

Note: Article Dodson CS, Harvard Univ, Dept Psychol, William James Hall, Room 854, Cambridge,MA 02138 USA

Keyword(s): FRONTAL-LOBE LESIONS; CHANGING ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXT; MEASURING RECOGNITION MEMORY; SOURCE INFORMATION; EPISODIC MEMORY; WORKING-MEMORY; SPOKEN WORDS; ACTIVATION; MUSIC; MODEL


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