Using content analysis of video-recorded consultations to identify smokers' ''readiness'' and ''resistance'' towards stopping smoking
Journal/Book: Patient Educ Couns. 2000; 41: Customer Relations Manager Bay 15, Shannon Industrial Estate CO, Clare, Ireland. Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd. 305-311.
Abstract: Although physicians' brief advice against smoking is effective in helping smokers to stop, very little is known about the process of counseling smokers. We describe the development of a coding system for describing smokers' motivation to stop smoking as judged by their behaviour when discussing smoking with their family physician. We analysed video-recordings of consultations between 47 self-reported smokers and 29 family physicians where smoking was discussed. By a process of observing recordings, reading transcripts and discussion, we developed a coding system for describing smokers' levels of motivation to stop smoking. This consists of four behaviours thought to indicate ''readiness'' (higher motivation to stop) and four ''resistance'' (lower motivation to stop). Interobserver reliability between two observers was good (Kappa = 0.71 for readiness, 0.73 for resistance behaviours). We discuss the relevance of our descriptions for clinicians and the possibility of developing this work further to enable systematic research into doctor-patient interactions where smokers are counseled to stop.
Note: Article Coleman T, Univ Leicester, Dept Gen Practice & Primary Hlth Care, Leicester Gen Hosp, Gwendolen Rd, Leicester LE5 4PW, Leics, ENGLAND
Keyword(s): smoking; consulting behaviour; research methodology; PREVENTIVE HEALTH BEHAVIORS; GENERAL-PRACTICE; PATIENT COMMUNICATION; QUANTITATIVE METHODS; CHRONIC-DISEASE; CESSATION; PROMOTION; EDUCATION; ADVICE; LIFE