Suicidal ideation among adolescents in relation to recalled exposure to violence
Journal/Book: Curr Psychol. 2000; 19: Dept 4010 Rutgers Univ, 35 Berrue Circle, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8042, USA. Transaction Period Consortium. 46-56.
Abstract: The relationship between exposure to violence and vulnerability to suicide among adolescents was examined. The topic was initiated by the rapid increase in adolescent's exposure to violence and the sparse systematic research available on its relationship to attitudes about life and death. The study's main hypothesis is that high levels of exposure to violence are associated with high suicide risk according to two conceptual paradigms-Fear of Death and Attraction and Repulsion to Life. Eighty-five adolescents were administered three self report questionnaires. The questionnaires assessed levels of exposure to violence, fear of death, and attitudes towards life and death. Those who had been exposed to a high level of violence reported attitudes synonymous with the profile of an individual at risk for suicide (low fear of death, low repulsion to death, and low attraction to life; high repulsion to life and high attraction to death).
Note: Article Cohen EM, Boston Univ, Ctr Anxiety & Related Disorders, 648 Beacon St, 6th Floor, Boston,MA 02215 USA
Keyword(s): LIFE EVENTS; CHILDREN; DEATH; SYMPTOMS; STRESS; VICTIMIZATION; DEPRESSION; ATTITUDES