How honeybees find a place: Lessons from a simple mind
Journal/Book: Anim Learn Behav. 2000; 28: 1710 Fortview Rd, Austin, TX 78704, USA. Psychonomic Soc Inc. 1-15.
Abstract: Foraging honeybees find their way from their hive to their food in a stereotypical manner using up to four place-finding servomechanisms in sequence: (1) They first fly a vector (straight-Line distance and direction) from their home to the vicinity of the target. Direction is determined by the sun compass and by distant landmarks, while distance is estimated by visual flow. (2) They then beacon in on a landmark near the target location. (3) En route toward the landmark, they may adopt a sensorimotor trajectory that takes them toward the target. (4) Near the expected target location, they attempt image matching, which involves trying to put surrounding landmarks at the correct positions on their eyes. In doing image matching, they fly facing a stereotypical direction, a strategy that makes it unnecessary to translate retinal coordinates into another coordinate system.
Note: Review Cheng K, Macquarie Univ, Dept Psychol, Sydney, NSW 2109, AUSTRALIA
Keyword(s): SOLITARY WASPS CERCERIS; SPATIAL WORKING-MEMORY; ORIENTATION FLIGHTS; APIS-MELLIFERA; COGNITIVE MAPS; LANDMARK GUIDANCE; VISUAL LANDMARKS; COLORED STIMULI; DIFFERENT CUES; FOOD SOURCE