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October 2021

Body-rocking in college students and persons with mental retardation: characteristics, stability, and collateral behaviors

Author(s): Andriacchi, T.

Journal/Book: Res Develop Disabil. 2000; 21: the Boulevard Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford Ox5 1GB, England. Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd. 13-29.

Abstract: Body-rocking was analyzed in four studies. The first showed that, rocking chairs are not necessarily preferred by people with mental retardation, and that a rocking chair produces a higher amplitude of body-rocking. A second study demonstrated the stability of various measures of body-rocking over a 21-month period. Stable idiosyncratic behaviors accompanying body-rocking also were described. The third study showed that, when compared with college students who engage in habitual body-rocking, persons with mental retardation engage in more body-rocking than college students on various dimensions, and that they also show different collateral behaviors. Finally, in the fourth study, a reanalysis of the data from Study I showed that collateral behaviors do not necessarily occur as part of a body-rocking complex.

Note: Article Berkson G, Univ Illinois, Dept Psychol MC285, 1007 W Harrison, Chicago,IL 60617 USA


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