Cross-modal priming evidence for phonology-to-orthography activation in visual word recognition
Journal/Book: Brain Lang. 1999; 66: 525 B St, Ste 1900, San Diego, CA 92101-4495, USA. Academic Press Inc. 275-293.
Abstract: Subjects were asked to indicate which item of a word/nonword pair was a word. On critical trials the nonword was a pseudohomophone of the word. RTs of dyslexics were shorter in blocks of trials in which a congruent auditory prime was simultaneously presented with the visual stimuli. RTs of normal readers were longer for high frequency words when there was auditory priming. This provides evidence that phonology can activate orthographic representations; the size and direction of the effect of auditory priming on visual lexical decision appear to be a function of the relative speeds with which sight and hearing activate orthography.
Note: Article Whatmough C, Univ Montreal, Dept Psychol, Grp Rech Neuropsychol Expt, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, PQ H3C 3J7, CANADA
Keyword(s): LETTER SURFACE ALEXIA; LEXICAL ACCESS; IDENTIFICATION; PSEUDOHOMOPHONES; HOMOPHONES; DYSLEXIA