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October 2021

The problematique: Evolution of an idea

Author(s): Perino, G. H.

Journal/Book: Syst Res Behav Sci. 1999; 16: Baffins Lane Chichester, W Sussex PO19 1UD, England. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 221-226.

Abstract: A problematique is a graphical portrayal - a structural model - of relationships among members of a set of problems. It is a product of a group process whose design benefits from the writings of Aristotle, Abelard, Leibniz, DeMorgan, C.S. Peirce, and Harary. Contemporary scholars first conceived the idea of the problematique simply as a name for the array of problems confronting the world. It was then extended to represent a structural portrayal applicable to specific problematic situations. Having been tested in many such situations, it can now be viewed as a standard format of wide utility in many applications. An appropriate perspective on this type of structure arises from comprehending the history of its evolution.

Note: Article Warfield JN, George Mason Univ, MS 1B2, Fairfax,VA 22030 USA

Keyword(s): systems management; systems science; policy science; complexity; cognition; perception; interpretive structural models; Interactive Management; visual literacy

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