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December 2021

A review of the diagnostic methods reported in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

Author(s): Armstrong, K. J., McGrath, A. M., Sullivan, C. L.

Journal/Book: J Autism Dev Disord. 1999; 29: 233 Spring St, New York, NY 10013, USA. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ. 485-490.

Abstract: This review summarizes subject selection and diagnostic procedures documented in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. One hundred forty-two empirical articles published between February 1993 and April 1997 were examined. Reviewers independently evaluated articles using a coding instrument developed by the authors. Results indicated that a majority of researchers reported the use of one or more standard diagnostic criteria in classifying their subjects. However, numerous studies did not report the methods by which the diagnostic criteria were quantified or applied. Additionally, there was a lack of clear specification of inclusion and exclusion criteria for comorbid disorders. Improving the documentation of diagnostic practices in research on autism will benefit researchers and practitioners.

Note: Review Armstrong KJ, Mississippi State Univ, Dept Psychol, POB 6161, Mississippi State,MS 39762 USA

Keyword(s): diagnostic criteria; autism; DSM-III-R; INTERVIEW; CRITERIA; BEHAVIOR; ISSUES

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