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October 2021

Music enhances spatial-temporal reasoning: towards a neurophysiological basis using EEG

Author(s): Bodner, M.

Journal/Book: Clin Electroencephalogr. 1999; 30: 151-5.

Abstract: Motivated by predictions from the structured trion model of the cortex, based on Mountcastle's columnar organizational principle, behavioral experiments have demonstrated a causal short-term enhancement of spatial-temporal reasoning in college students following listening to a Mozart Sonata (K.448) but not in control conditions. An EEG coherence study reported presence of right frontal and left temporoparietal activity induced by listening to the Mozart Sonata, which carried over into the spatial-temporal tasks in three of the seven subjects. In this paper, we present further predictions from the trion model and discuss how the new SYMMETRIC analysis method can be used in EEG recordings to help determine the neurophysiological basis of specific music enhancing spatial-temporal reasoning. We conclude with potential clinical applications of major significance.

Keyword(s): Child, Preschool. Electroencephalography. Higher Nervous Activity/physiology. Human. Models, Theoretical. Music. Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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