The emergence of creativity
Journal/Book: Philos Psychol. 1999; 12: Rankine Rd, Basingstoke Rg24 8Pr, Hants, England. Carfax Publishing. 447-469.
Abstract: This paper is an extended exploration of Mead's phrase ''the emergence of the novel.'' I describe and characterize emergent systems-complex dynamical systems that display behavior that cannot be predicted from a full and complete description of the component units of the system. Emergence has become an influential concept in contemporary, cognitive science [A. Clark (1997) Being there, Cambridge: MIT Press], complexity theory [W. Bechtel & R.C. Richardson (1993) Discovering complexity, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press], artificial life [R.A. Brooks & P. Maes (Eds) (1994) Artificial life IV, Cambridge: MIT Press; C.G. Langton (d.) (1994) Artificial life III, Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley; C. G. Langton e: al. (Eds) (1991) Artificial life II, Reading, IMA: Addison-Wesley), and robotics [S. Fewest (1991) Emergent computation, Cambridge: MIT Press]. I propose that novelty is a necessary property of emergent systems, and I'll explore a specific kind of emergent system: an improvisational theater ensemble. This is an example of emergence in a small social group, which I call collaborative emergence to emphasize several important contrasts with other complex systems that manifest emergence, such as connectionist networks and Alife simulations.
Note: Article Sawyer RK, Washington Univ, Dept Educ, 1 Brookings Dr, St Louis,MO 63130 USA