Ascent and descent in Maslow's theory
Journal/Book: J Hum Psychol. 1999; 39: 2455 Teller Rd, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320, USA. Sage Publications Inc. 125-133.
Abstract: This article critiques the notion that Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a one-way linear trend from lower to higher levels. It introduces the idea of a contrast between abundance and deficiency motivation and uses this to suggest that the usual table of needs can be split into two vertically. At each level, we have a choice between abundance (being) motivation and deficiency motivation, and we have to take responsibility for this.
Note: Article Rowan J, 70 Kings Head Hill, London E4 7LY, ENGLAND