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November 2021

Automatic attentional shifts induced by a noradrenergic drug in Alzheimer's disease: evidence from evoked potentials

Author(s): Ragot, R., Derouesne, C., Guez, D., Renault, B.

Journal/Book: Int J Psychophysiol. 1999; 33: PO Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands. Elsevier Science Bv. 243-251.

Abstract: Prior research showed that attentional deficits are observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD), These deficits can further impair other cognitive processes. The present experiment was designed to study the shifts in attention induced by a noradrenergic drug (S 12024-2) through their electrophysiological correlates in 12 outpatients with mild AD, using an auditory oddball paradigm. The P3a component, known to be related to automatic attentional processing, was increased by the drug, whereas no changes occurred either in PN or in P3b, which are considered to reflect conscious processing. These results point to an involvement of the noradrenergic system in the modulation of automatic attentional processing, and provide evidence for weakening of the orienting reflex in AD, due to a possible noradrenergic deficit in patients with mild AD.

Note: Article Missonnier P, Hop La Pitie Salpetriere, CNRS, UPR 640, LENA, Serv Neurol, Bd Hop, F-75651 Paris 13, FRANCE

Keyword(s): Alzheimer's disease (AD); noradrenergic drug; event-related potentials (ERPs); selective attention; automatic orienting reflex; automatic processes; EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS; AUDITORY SENSORY MEMORY; SENILE DEMENTIA; SELECTIVE-ATTENTION; P300; NEGATIVITY


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