Help, not harm: Psychological foundation for a nondieting approach toward health
Journal/Book: J Soc Issues. 1999; 55: 350 Main Street, Ste 6, Malden, MA 02148, USA. Blackwell Publishers. 261-276.
Abstract: This article reviews the literature on the psychological consequences of dieting, In particular, the authors examine the impact of dieting on mood self-esteem, cognition, ann eating behavior. The famous Keys study of starvation is discussed in relation to impaired concentration, food preoccupation, negative affect, and binge eating behavior. Overall, the literature indicates that dieting has a negative impact on psychological well-being. As a result, alternative nondieting approaches toward eating are presented and recommended to promote psychological health.
Note: Review McFarlane T, Toronto Hosp, 101 Coll St, CWI-311, Toronto, ON M5G 2C4, CANADA
Keyword(s): WEIGHT-LOSS PROGRAMS; EATING BEHAVIOR; DIETARY RESTRAINT; COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE; UNRESTRAINED EATERS; BULIMIA-NERVOSA; SELF-EVALUATION; BODY-WEIGHT; FOLLOW-UP; DIETERS