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October 2021

Physiological and behavioral effects of an antivertigo antihistamine in adults

Author(s): Lynch, O., Wood, S. B., Schoeffler, L.

Journal/Book: Percept Mot Skills. 1999; 88: PO Box 9229, Missoula, MT 59807, USA. Perceptual Motor Skills. 707-732.

Abstract: 12 neurologically normal adults were tested before and after administration of medicine, an over-the-counter medication for motion sickness. A battery of four rests was used: (1) distortion-product otoacoustic emissions. (2) the Repeated Evoked Potentials version of the Auditory Brainstem Response. (3) quantitative electroencephalography measured over the left and right sides of the auditory cortex, and (4) a hand-eye coordination task. The battery required approximately 1.5 hr, to complete. Each subject was tested with the battery in each of eight longitudinal sessions: three times on a control day (9 am, 1 pm, 3 pm - no medication): the same times on a second day one week later (medication at approximately 11:30 am), and 24- and 48-hr. Check-up sessions following the medication day. Analysis indicated changes in all components. With details suggesting the site(s) of action of this type of antihistamine. The cross-section of the auditory system yielded by this battery makes it possible to observe effects at the periphery, in the brainstem, and in the cortex, including evidence linking otoacoustic emissions with central auditory physiology. Implications range from cautions regarding the use of antihistamines to physiological support for employing such medications to enhance patients' response to vestibular rehabilitation as well as to improve performance in learning-disordered, children.

Note: Article Lauter JL, Univ Oklahoma, Hlth Sci Ctr, Ctr Commun Neurosci, Dept Commun Sci & Disorders, 825 NE 14th, POB 26901, Oklahoma City,OK 73190 USA

Keyword(s): AUDITORY ELECTRIC RESPONSES; WITHIN-SUBJECT VARIABILITY; ATTENTION-DEFICIT DISORDER; BRAIN-STEM RESPONSES; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES; LEARNING-DISABILITIES; BETWEEN-SUBJECT; CHILDREN; DYSLEXIA; STABILITY


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