Biology and the future of psychoanalysis: A new intellectual framework for psychiatry revisited
Journal/Book: Amer J Psychiat. 1999; 156: 1400 K St N W, Ste 1101, Washington, DC 20005, USA. Amer Psychiatric Press, Inc. 505-524.
Abstract: The American Journal of Psychiatry has received a number of letters in response to my earlier ''Framework'' article (1), Some of these are reprinted elsewhere in this issue, and I have answered them briefly there. However, one issue raised by some letters deserves a more detailed answer, and that relates to whether biology is at all relevant to psychoanalysis. To my mind, this issue is so central to the future of psychoanalysis that it cannot be addressed with a brief comment. I therefore have written this article in an attempt to outline the importance of biology for the future of psychoanalysis.
Note: Review Kandel ER, 722 W 168th St, New York,NY 10032 USA
Keyword(s): POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER; CORTICOTROPIN-RELEASING FACTOR; MALE SEXUAL ORIENTATION; HUMAN-BRAIN; HIPPOCAMPAL VOLUME; FEMALE RATS; PSYCHOTHERAPY; MEMORY; HOMOSEXUALITY; CHILDHOOD