Traditions and trends in intelligence testing
Journal/Book: Z Psychol. 1999; 207: Im Weiher 10, D-69121 Heidelberg, Germany. Johann Ambrosius Barth Verlag. 339-361.
Abstract: Following a short historical introduction, the paper will review several important and widely debated developments and issues in intelligence testing. ''Points of origin'' for these modern developments can also be traced back to the older German psychology at the beginning of this century. It is argued that the developmental trends identified will be of high relevance in the next millenium. But what is needed, above all, is to achieve a synthesis of the various trends and to transform the new forms of intelligence testing, that have mainly been examined within the research field thus far, into practically useful diagnostic instruments. The following developments and issues will receive particular consideration: the foundation of intelligence testing instruments on cognitive psychology; the issue of extending the concept of intelligence beyond the traditional, purely academic-analytical, notion of intelligence; measurement and technological innovations in intelligence testing (e.g., probabilistic test theory, adaptive testing, computer-aided diagnostics); complementation of status-oriented intelligence tests by dynamic tests or learning ability tests.
Note: Review Guthke J, Univ Leipzig, Inst Entwicklungs Personlichkeitspsychol & Psycho, Seeburgstr 14-20, D-04103 Leipzig, GERMANY
Keyword(s): intelligence testing; concept of intelligence; test theory; adaptive testing; learning ability tests; ABILITY